Passport enables the bearer to travel internationally and serves as proof of Indian citizenship.

There are three types of Indian passport in general as:

Regular passport (Navy Blue cover) – Issued to regular citizens for ordinary travel, such as for vacation, study and business trips. It is a Type “P” passport – P stands for Personal.

Official passport (White cover) – Issued to individuals representing the Indian government on official business. It is a Type “S” passport – S stands for Service.

Diplomatic passport (Maroon cover) – Issued to Indian diplomats, top ranking government officials and diplomatic couriers. It is a Type “D” passport – D stands for Diplomatic.
Generally for International travel the passport should be valid for at least six months from the date of travel and there should be two blank pages (back to back) available for the visa & immigration stamping.


Certificate issued or a stamp marked (on the applicant’s passport) by the immigration authorities of a country to indicate that the applicant’s credentials have been verified and he or she has been granted permission to enter the country for a temporary stay within a specified period.

The common types of visas include:

1. Single entry visa: valid only for one visit.

2. Multiple entry visa: allows any number of visits within its validity period.

3. Business visa: for a short visit to conduct discussions, negotiations, and/or presentations, but not to take up employment.

4. Tourist visa: allows freedom to move around the country and briefly cross its frontiers to another country and return.

5. Residence visa: allows an extended stay but does not grant permission to take up employment.

6. Work visa: gives the permission to stay and take up employment, for a specific job and only for a limited period. Called also work permit.

7. Electronic visa: permission recorded in a computer instead of being issued as a certificate or stamp.

Traveler must apply for the visa well in advance to avoid any delay, information should be given correct & nothing should be hidden. There are certain documents to be submitted along with the passport. Applicant should get the details of the required documents before filing the visa as documents play the vital part for the issuance of the visa.


Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods including animals, personal effects and hazardous items in and out of a country.

The baggage clearance at the major International Airports in India consist of two channels for clearance.

Green channel: not having any dutiable goods to declare.
Red channel: having dutiable goods to declare.

IMP: Non declaration & wrongful declaration of the dutiable goods may attract confiscation of goods, fine or penalty. Serious offences like attempting to smuggle Gold, without declaration may lead to arrest & prosecution. The Indian Revenue Department has specified a list of items, including the size that can now be imported duty-free as part of baggage.


Travel insurance is insurance that is intended to cover medical expenses, trip cancellation, lost luggage, flight accident, Passport loss and other losses incurred while traveling, either internationally or within one’s own country. Travel insurance can usually be arranged at the time of the booking of a trip to cover exactly the duration of that trip. Please check with the authorized Travel Insurance agency for various options of coverage.


Transport plays a major part in the tourism industry, Tourism is much about travel and therefore the role of transportation in its operation is vital. If there was no transport available nobody would be able to go on holidays or trips. However, there is a range of transport that you can use to travel to various destinations around the world now. The type of transport usually depends on the distance to be travelled and how much the traveller can afford. Transportation can be divided into three categories, land based, water based and air based for example;

i) – Air

ii) – Rail

iii) – Sea

iv) – Road


When packing for your holiday trip don’t forget to pack your common sense! Most of these safety do’s and don’ts below are based on common sense principles. Being safe takes a concerted effort such as being aware of your surroundings and making responsible decisions. Even in “safe” countries or places there are risks or threats that you can actively protect yourself against. Remember that when traveling overseas you are far from home and it is foolish to assume that you can conduct yourself overseas in the same way that you might at home.


1. Don’t carry and flash large sums of cash, nor exchange money at dubious-looking places or with individuals on the street.

2. Don’t visit dangerous locations, or walk in unfamiliar, isolated or dimly lit areas, especially at night.

3. Don’t leave valuable items in public view; that includes your passport as much as your iPhone.

4. Don’t keep your vehicle and house or hotel keys on the same key ring.

5. Don’t store cash, jewellery, medicine or other valuables in your luggage, and never leave your luggage unattended, even for a brief moment.

6. Do not pack your essential documents and medication in your check in bag. Luggage sometime gets misplaced.

7. Do not carry things which can possibly violate the rules of the land you are visiting.

8. Do not carry expensive ornaments with you.

9. Do not befriend strangers. Gain a little information about the person before trusting him/her.

10. Respect the culture and traditions of the place.

11. Mind your conduct. Do not get interpreted as a violator of law.


1. Do be aware of your surroundings, and watch for suspicious people or vehicles.

2. Do use cash substitutes such as traveller’s checks or credit cards, and only carry as much money as you immediately need.

3. Do put a band around your luggage as a safeguard against pilferage while in transit; suitcase locks are no barrier to a professional thief.

4. Do travel with companions while sightseeing or shopping; there is safety in numbers.

5. Do keep vehicle doors locked and windows rolled up when driving.

6. Be friendly, courteous and polite to the natives.

7. Make a copy of your passport and credit cards; keep them separate from the originals.

8. Carry your medication with you in their containers.

9. If you require medicine containing habit-forming substances, carry a doctor’s certificate attesting to this fact.

10. Mark your luggage with your name and address, both permanent and temporary.

11. Carry a couple of your passport photos and a photo stated copy of your birth certificate, just in case you need it.

12. Make a copy of your flight tickets, keep them safe.

13. Research about the place you are visiting. Learn a little about their culture and language.


If you have pre-existing medical problems you should carry a letter from the attending physician, describing the medical condition and any prescription medications, including the generic name of prescribed drugs. Any medications you carry overseas should be left in their original containers and be clearly labelled.

Some countries require foreign visitors to carry an International Certificate of Vaccination (Yellow Card) or other proof that they have had certain inoculations or medical tests before entering or transiting their country.