Turkey

Turkey occupies a rectangular-shaped peninsula of land at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa; home to countless civilizations and a crossing point between the continents over several ages.

  • It is situated on two continents, 3% in Europe (Thrace) and the remainder of the landmass, including Anatolia, in Asia.
  • Turkey is bordered on the north by the Black Sea, to the west by the Sea of Marmara and Aegean and to the south by the Mediterranean.
  • Due to its position, Turkey is at the meeting point of three different climatic zones.
  • It is home to a tremendous variety of landscapes and plants so being a paradise for travellers and naturalists.
  • There are dense forests in the northern Black Sea and the southern Mediterranean regions.
  • Coastal plains on the western Aegean.
  • Mountain pastures inland.
  • Deserts to the southeast.
  • Lakes throughout the country.
  • Regions – Turkey is separated into seven geographical regions, which are, in order of size: East Anatolia, Central Anatolia, Black Sea, Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Southeast Anatolia.
  • Beaches -You will find the beaches of Turkey to be some of the most beautiful in the world. The scenery comprises of Aegean, Mediterranean, or Black Sea Coast.
  • Mountains – Turkey is also a very mountainous country, North Anatolian Mountains run along the north of the country, whilst the Taurus Mountains sweep along the Mediterranean in the south.
  • Lakes and Rivers -There are a large number of lakes in Turkey; most notable is Lake Van, the largest natural lake.
  • Wondrous Landscapes –There are some wondrous traces on the landscape, most notably the white, lunar rocky fairy-chimney forms of the Cappadocian countryside and the white travertine terraces of Pamukkale which literally means cotton castle.

Experience Turkey

TURKEY

Entertainment and Nightlife

  • Turkey is a Mediterranean country with a lively culture of eating, drinking, and entertainment, with nightlife and eating-out possibilities to suit every preference.
  • During the summer months, alfresco dining is the norm, particularly along the coastal areas and along the Bosphorus in Istanbul.
  • Turkey has a large variety of nightlife and entertainment to choose from. Chic restaurants, rooftop bars, cafes, nightclubs, and taverns.
  • Turkish nightlife has traditionally centred around meyhanes, similar to taverns,
  • Still extremely popular with all ages, the meyhane is a social affair, where dining and drinking is often accompanied by live music played on traditional instruments.
  • There are lots of bars, cafes, restaurants and nightclubs all over Turkey.

History

  • The greatest wealth of Turkey is probably history. The Anatolian peninsula where Turkey is located was the home of many great civilizations throughout the history of man.
  • The ark of Noah landed on Mount Ararat in eastern Turkey,
  • Saint Nicolai, Santa Clause, lived in southern Turkey around Antalya.
  •  Money was first used by Lydians where Turkey is now.
  • Historical places of Turkey, the greatest wealth of Turkey is probably history

Health and Spas

  • Turkey offers the ultimate relaxation and spa experience, reflecting its unique geological and historic make-up with over 1000 thermal springs, where traditional Turkish hamam and massage treatments have been perfected over thousands of years.
  • With a selection of awarded spa and resort, where you can seek respite from daily life, a rejuvenating holiday or even an relaxing break Turkey has something for you.
  • Treat yourself with time at a Turkish spa hotel, or go on a golf holiday under the shining sun. Enjoy famous traditional baths or hammams in Turkey.

Golf

Turkey is a perfect destination for playing golf with its world class courses, excellent climate and fantastic service. The excellent climate is an attraction, with the added benefits of high standards of service and accommodation, good value for money, and of course, a fantastic range of international standard golf courses.

ISTANBUL
  • Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents, Europe and Asia, separated by the Bosphorus strait.
  • Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the fourth-largest city in the World.
  • In its thousands of years of history, it has been the capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman.
  • Istanbul is one of the world’s hottest city-break destinations, in part due to its nightlife.
  • Many of the hip new hangouts, chic restaurants and rooftop bars are all a stones-throw from the energetic Istiklal Street
  • As well as many dotted along the Bosphorus; enjoy sophisticated cocktail-sipping in trendy bars to clubbing all night to global beats.
  • In the summer, Istanbul also revels in water-side fun, with plenty of open-air entertainment against the stunning backdrop of the Istanbul skyline

Istanbul is a hot honeymoon destination which is quite famous for its scenic beauties, numerous shopping centers and vibrating night lives.

Must See

  • Museums
  • Mosques & Complexes
  • Churches & Synagogues
  • Palaces & Pavilions
  • Bazaars
  • Turkish Baths
  • Fortress, Statues & Monuments
  • Towers & Castles
  • Fountains & Cisterns
  • Squares, Parks & Woods
  • Visit Hagia Sophia (closed on Monday), Blue Mosque, Hippodrome & Obelisks, Grand Covered Bazaar (closed on Sunday), Dolmabahce Palace (closed on Monday & Thursday), Bosphorus Bridge, Camlica Hill or Yeditepe
ANTALYA

Antalya , is a sprawling modern city with a small, charming historic centre, a good archaeology museum, long sunny beaches to east and west, the Turquoise Coast’s busiest airport, good hotels, and dramatic sea and mountain views.

  • Antalya, Turkey’s principal holiday resort in the Mediterranean region is an attractive city with shady palm-lined boulevards, a prize-winning marina.
  • In the picturesque old quarter, Kaleici, narrow winding streets and old wooden houses about the ancient city walls.
  • It is one of the popular honeymoon destinations in Turkey, has a charming harbour, vibrating nightlife, wonderful resorts, numerous shopping malls and restaurants to entertain all the young honeymoon couples.
  • You can easily catch up the beauty of Turkish countryside, that is surely the ideal place for the honeymoon couple who want to experience the magic of tranquillity.

Places of interest

Perge: The ancient city of Perge was one of the most important sculpture centers of the antiquity. The theater, stadium and the monumental fountains are well preserved.

Aspendos: Neighbour to Perge, Aspendos was a commercial and cultural center. The Roman theater is the best preserved example of its kind in the world and is still a magical venue for stage performances.

Manavgat: Famous waterfalls, tranquil setting of Manavgat River and the Mediterranean. It is also very popular for rafting and adventure sports.

Archaeology Museum of Antalya: Over 5000 works of art illuminate the history of the Mediterranean Region. The Museum won the “European Council Special Prize” in 1988.

Demre / Myra: Home of St.Nicholas

Pamukkale: Famous for naturally formed white calcium terraces and thermal baths this site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986.

Kekova: The sunken city around the Kekova Island is visited with traditional wooden boats. The ruins, the turquoise water of the Mediterranean and pine forests combine natural beauty with ancient culture.

CAPPADOCIA

The triangle between Nevsehir, Nigde Aksaray is called Cappadocia and is located in the south of Ankara .The word of “Cappadocia” inherited from Persians, means Land of Beautiful Horses.

Places of Interest

  • Ihlara Valley: The Melendiz River, at Ihlara Valley, has eroded the banks into an impressive canyon. Byzantine rock chapels covered with frescoes pierce the canyon walls.
  • Goreme National Park: The extraordinary landscape was formed millions of years ago, the combined work of lava spitting volcanoes, wind and water.
  • Religious Byzantine paintings can be found on the walls of the churches and monasteries. (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985)
  • Underground Cities: Public areas, houses, schools, churches, ventilation and defense systems are hewn into the rock through centuries.
  • Mount Erciyes and Kayseri: This imposing mountain and former volcano is now a resort area used for skiing and other winter sports.
BODRUM

Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle” in Turkish, is a natural site located in Turkey’s Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which enjoys a temperate climate over the greater part of the year.

  • The ancient city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white “castle“ . It was the most popular Roman “SPA” visited by emperors.
  • There are several thermal springs in this region. The red water (Karahayit) is one of the most famous of them.
  • The natural wonder of the the terraces, the ancient city and the springs all together with the easy access to the area make this place a very popular site.
  • More than 300km of turquoise beaches, also known as Turkish Riviera.
  • Pamukkale is UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988.
  • An impressive medieval castle built by the Knights of Rhodes guards the entrance to Bodrum’s dazzling blue bay, in which the Aegean and the Mediterranean Seas meet.
  • The town’s charm is well-known, attracting a diverse population of vacationers who stroll along its long palm-lined waterfront, while elegant yachts crowd the marina.

Places of Interest

  • The Mausoleum: The monumental tomb of Mausolos, local king of the area in the 3rd century BC.
  • The Castle & Underwater Archaeology Museum: The unique “Living Museum” of Turkey where you don’t only look at objects but experience the concepts of exhibits.
  • Myndos Gate: One of the city gates of the ancient Halicarnassos, where Alexander the Great fought for ten years to capture the city.
  • Aquarium: Between a small island and the mainland a swimming spot for boat trips with the most intense tone of turquoise color of the sea, hundreds of local fish swimming with you and greeting you.
  • Gumusluk: Tiny charming fisher’s village with the best fish restaurants of the region, small local crafts shops and an Andaman Sea style sunset.
ANKARA
  • Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country’s second largest city after Istanbul. The city has a population of 4 400 000
  • Ankara also serves as the capital of the Province of Ankara.
  • Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. It is the center of the Turkish Government and houses all foreign embassies.

Places of Interest

  • Anitkabir is located on an imposing hill, Anittepe quarter of the city, where the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, stands. Completed in 1953, it is an impressive fusion of ancient and modern architectural styles.
  • Ankara Ethnography Museum: There is a fine collection of folkloric as well as Seljuk- and Ottoman-era artifacts.
  • Museum of Anatolian Civilizations: Situated at the entrance of Ankara Castle, it is an old covered bazaar that has been beautifully restored and now houses a unique collection Roman works.
  • State Art and Sculpture Museum: houses a rich collection of Turkish art from the late 19th century to the present day.